VOC Ship China

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Gable stone 't Schip China in Buiten Brouwersstraat, Amsterdam, Netherlands – Michiel2005

Contents

Background

The China was a VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, Dutch East India Company, [1]) ship of some 1124 tons, build in 1676 at the Amsterdam yard for the Amsterdam chamber.[1][2]The Ship was 160 foot long and 39 foot wide.

It is important to note that many sources give the name of the ship as Berg China, but the official Dutch records only give it as China. The confusion might stem from the fact that the China was captained by a Pieter van den Berg on some of her voyages.[3] Some other researches have noted this discrepancy as well. [4]

Between 1677 and 1691 the ship made four voyages past the Cape of Good Hope from the Netherlands to the Far East and back. It visited the Cape 8 times in total.[5]

Destined for the Cape, Paul Roux was one of 38 passengers, along with 156 seamen and 111 soldiers, aboard the 4th voyage. On 1688/03/20 the ship set sail from Goeree in the Netherlands, bound for Jakarta [2] (then known as Batavia) in Indonesia. They arrived in Table Bay on 1688/08/04[6] where 29 of the passengers as well as 14 seamen and soldiers left the ship. 20 of the seamen and passengers died on the way to the Cape.[6]

The China departed Table Bay on 1688/08/24 to continue it's voyage to Batavia. During it's last recorded voyage, returning from the Far East to the Netherlands, the ship suffered severe storm damage and had to wait in Mauritius for repair material to arrive from the Cape. It eventually arrived in the Cape on 1690/12/09 and stayed there until 1691/07/04 while further repairs were undertaken.

An engraving depicting the China can be see outside 20 Buiten Brouwersstraat in Amsterdam, Netherlands.[7] [8]

Voyages

Netherlands Cape Far East
Depart Texel
1677/09/16
Arrive 1678/02/20
Depart 1678/03/17
Arrive Batavia
1678/06/06
Arrive Texel
1681/07/24
Arrive 1681/02/14
Depart 1681/03/28
Depart Batavia
1680/11/29
Depart Texel
1682/02/09
Arrive 1682/06/18
Depart 1682/07/10
Arrive Batavia
1682/09/15
Arrive Texel
1683/09/26
Arrive 1683/04/13
Depart 1683/06/01
Depart Ceylon
1683/01/22
Depart Texel
1684/05/19
Arrive 1684/10/10
Depart 1684/11/03
Arrive Batavia
1685/01/17
Arrive 1686/06/27 Arrive 1686/03/13
Depart 1686/04/12
Depart Batavia
1685/12/04
Depart Goeree
1688/03/20
Arrive 1688/08/04
Depart 1688/08/24
Arrive Batavia
1688/11/13
Arrive 1691/12/?? Arrive 1690/12/09
Depart 1691/07/04
Depart Ceylon
1690/02/07


References

Notes

  1. Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis
  2. Scheepsgegevens, China - 1676 (in Dutch)
  3. Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis
  4. Goedereedes gat in familiehistorie (in Dutch)
  5. Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis
  6. 6.0 6.1 History of South Africa (1486-1691), George MacCall Theal, page:n377 at The Internet Archive
  7. Vereniging Vrienden van Amsterdamse Gevelstenen V.O.C. 1602-2002
  8. Vereniging Vrienden van Amsterdamse Gevelstenen - Buiten Brouwersstraat 20
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